Unit 1

Unit 2

Unit 3


Unit 4

Unit 5

Unit 6

Unit 7

Словник комп'ютерних термінів

Граматичні таблиці

Список літератури



Unit 5


(G) Grammar:                                 Conditional Sentences

(R) Reading:                                   Multimedia magic

Recognizing file formats

(SR) Supplementary reading: Systems Development

(L) Listening                                   A multimedia system

Revision of software, Telecommunications

(S) Speaking:                                   Great Britain (General characteristics of the country)


                                                         At the map of Great Britain


(G) Grammar (block I):


Conditional Sentences


Main sentence

Subordinate sentence

if, when, as soon as, in case,

 by the time, if only, suppose

, providing, wish

Zero condition

(Refers to the well-known facts)

Present simple

Present continuous

Present perfect


The water freezes,

Present simple

Present continuous

Present perfect


when it is – 5˚C.

First or real condition

(Refers to the future)

Future simple

Future continuous/be going to

Future perfect

May/can/should/might/must do


I will tell you the truth,

Present simple

Present continuous

Present perfect

May/can/should/might/must do


if you promise not to tell him.

Second or 50/50 condition

(Refers to the present)

Would + simple or continuous infinitive)

(would go or would be going)

might/could/should do


You could become very healthy,

Past simple

Past continuous

Might/could/should do



if only you stopped smoking.

Third or unreal condition

(Refers to the past)

Would + perfect infinitive

(would have done)

might/could/should have done


We wouldn’t have been here,

Past perfect

might/could/should have done



if you hadn’t lost our map.


Exercise 1G.

Translate into Ukrainian:

1.       Don’t go home until you finish work.

2.       If I see my friend I’ll tell you about it.

3.       I’ll join you if you want.

4.       If she comes to see me I’ll be glad to invite her to my place.

5.       If he writes this report in time he will be able to participate in the conference.

6.       When she passes the exam well she will go to visit her friends.

7.       If we come home early I’ll be able to prepare my hometask properly.

8.       You will get good results if you apply this method of calculation.

9.       If you press the button the device will start working.

10.  When I see him next time I’ll tell him about the meeting.

11.  As soon as I find out her address I’ll come to see her.

12.  Wait until they show you how to charge it.


Exercise 2G.

Translate the following sentences into Ukrainian:

Example:            If I were you I wouldn’t do it.

На твоєму місці я б цього не робив.

If he had more money he could buy this scanner.

Якби в нього було більше грошей, він купив би цей сканер.

1.       If you were informed about this meeting you would come.

2.       If the books on this subject were available in our library I could be able to make a better report.

3.       If he had all the necessary materials he would accomplish his new model in time.

4.       If the air were only composed of nitrogen burning would be impossible.

5.       The design would be ready by the end of the year if they supplied us with all the necessary equipment.

6.       If he were at the institute now he would help us to translate the article.

7.       If he had worked much at his English he would have passed his exam much better.

8.       If all people were alike life wouldn’t be so interesting.

9.       If I had been there I would have told you.

10.  If you had a chance of studying at Cambridge would you risk?


Exercise 3G.

Translate into Ukrainian:

1.       If the engineer had been informed of the results before he would have allowed you to repeat the test.

2.       The plan wouldn’t have been fulfilled in time if the people hadn’t worked with such energy.

3.       If he hadn’t been so late then he wouldn’t have missed the train.

4.       If he had come to the Institute meeting 2 days ago she would have met a well-known English writer.

5.       If you had taken a taxi you would have come in time.

6.       If I had known your address when I was in your town I would have visited you.

7.       If you had given up smoking you wouldn’t have got ill.

8.       If he had followed the rules when he was writing a dictation he wouldn’t have made so many mistakes.

9.       If I had had the opportunity of studying abroad when I was a student my English could have been much better.

10.  If they had informed me about it in time I could have refused.


Exercise 4G.

Use the proper verb form:

1.       As soon as he (to ask) me I’ll help him.

2.       If it (not to rain) in the morning we should go out.

3.       If I (to meet) my friend yesterday I should have given him this book.

4.       If it (not to be) so cold we should go out.

5.       If the telegram (to bring) the day before yesterday I could have come in time.

6.       If I (to notify) in advance I’ll be able to get ready for the lecture.


If I knew his phone number I would phone him.


Якби я знав його номер телефону (зараз), я зателефонував би йому.

= I wish I knew his phone number.


Шкода, що я не знаю його номеру телефону (зараз).

If I had known his phone number I would have phoned him yesterday.

Якби я знав його номер телефону (вчора), я зателефонував би йому.

= I wish I had known his phone number yesterday.

Шкода, що я не знав його номеру телефону (вчора).


Exercise 5G.

Continue the sentences:

1.       I can't give up smoking. I wish ….

2.       I haven't аnу cigarettes. I wish ….

3.       George isn't here. I wish ….

4.       It's cold. I wish ….

5.       I have to work tomorrow. I wish ….

6.       I don't know anything about cars. I wish ….


Exercise 6G.

Make one sentence in Subjunctive Mood of two:

1.       I didn't wake George because I didn't know he wanted to get up early.

2.       I was аblе to buy the car because Jim lent mе the mоnеу.

3.       She wasn't injured in the crash because she was wearing а seat belt.

4.       She didn't buy the coat because she didn't have enough mоnеу with her.


Exercise 7G.

Read these sentences. Identify the tenses used in the if-clause and in the main clause:

1         If you upgrade your PC, you'll be able to run multimedia applications.

2         If the marketing manager had a multimedia system, she could make more effective presentations.


Exercise 8G.

Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form:

1.       If I (get) a sound card, I'll be able to create my own music with a MIDI.

2.       If the system (have) a SuperVGA card, we would obtain a better resolution.

3.       You won't be able to play CD-ROM disks if you (not have) a CD-ROM drive.

4.       If you (come) to the annual computer exhibition, you could see the new Macs.

5.       If I could afford it, I (buy) a Multimedia PC.


Exercise 9G.

Translate into English:

1.       На його місці я б погодився на цю роботу.

2.       Якби вона була вдома вчора, я б відвідав її.

3.       Якщо мене попросять про допомогу, я допоможу.

4.       Якби мені запропонували поїхати в Англію, я б неодмінно поїхала.

5.       На Вашому місці я б не поспішав з відповіддю.

6.       Якби Ви прочитали цю книжку, ми могли б обговорити її минулого разу.

7.       Якщо я тільки виграю в лотерею, я одразу поїду до Лондона.

8.       Якби я не почув Вашого голосу, я б вас не впізнав.

9.       А що б Ви зробили на моєму місці?

10.  Якщо ви запізнитесь, ви не зможете почути всю доповідь.


(R) Reading

Exercise 1R.

Read the abstracts and match them with the headings in the box:


   Sound, Music, MIDI

   CDs and DVDs full of pictures, action and sound!

   Editing photos and making movies in a few minutes!

   The potential of using multimedia


Multimedia magic!

1 ____________________

Multimedia applications are used in all sorts of fields. For example, some museums, banks and estate agents have information kiosks that use multimedia. Companies produce training programmes on optical disks, and marketing managers use presentation packages (e.g. Microsoft PowerPoint) to make business presentations. Teachers use multimedia programs to make video projects or to teach subjects such as music and languages. They have all found that moving images, sound and music involve viewers emotionally as well as inform them, and make their message more memorable.

The power of multimedia resides in hypertext and hypermedia. If you click on a hypertext word, you jump to another screen with more information about that subject. Hypermedia is similar, but also works with sound, graphics and video.

2 ____________________

To capture sounds in digital format and play them back, modern PCs contain a sound card. This is a type of expansion card which offers two important capabilities: (i) a built-in stereo synthesizer and (ii) a system called Musical Instrument Digital Interface, or MIDI. This allows electronic musical instruments to communicate with computers.

You can also listen to music on your PC. Many radio stations broadcast on the Web using a technique called 'streaming'. This lets you play an audio file in a continuous stream, while it's downloading, before the entire file is transmitted. Sometimes bands transmit concerts on the Web in a process called “webcast”. To listen to online music you just need a plug-in like RealPlayer.

3 ____________________

There are two ways of storing photos on a computer. The first way is to use a digital camera. Photos are stored in a memory chip and then they're downloaded to the computer. The second way is to scan printed photos by using a scanner. With special software you can repair flaws, add effects and even save your photos on a CD.

Video is another important part of multimedia. Video computing refers to recording, manipulating and storing video in digital format. In fact, today you can make your own movies on your PC. This is what you have to do: First capture images with a digital video camera and then transfer the digital video to your computer. Next, with a video editing program (e.g. iMovie) cut your favourite segments, re-sequence the clips and add transitions and other effects. Finally, save your movie on a video CD, a DVD or a videotape. You can also place your work on the Internet.

4 ____________________

Multimedia software is usually interactive and comes on CD-ROMs or DVDs. For example, the Compton's Encyclopedia enables you to read about whales, look at photos of whales, listen to whale songs, and view animated sequences. Similarly, the Grolier Encyclopedia lets you read about birds, view pictures of birds, and listen to recordings of their songs.

Other CD-ROMs include games, guides, dictionaries and educational courses about history, science, the human body, cinema, literature and foreign languages.


Exercise 2R.

Read the texts again and correct these statements. There is a technical mistake in each of them:

1     Multimedia PCs cannot integrate text with graphics and video.

2     You don't need to have a sound board on your PC to hear speech and music.

3     Most multimedia software is distributed on magnetic disks.

4     Digital cameras store photos in a roll of film.

5     There are no language courses available on CD-ROM.


Exercise 3R.

Match these terms in the box with the explanations:


a) hypertext   b) MIDI interface   c) Video editing   d) streaming   e) webcast


1     The process of manipulating video images.

2     A code for the exchange of information between PCs and musical instruments

3     Text with hyperlinks, which take you to other pages.

4     A concert or other event that is transmitted over the Web.

5     A technique for playing sound and video files as a continuous stream, while they're downloading.


Exercise 4R.

Read the text below and find:

1.     the function of the extension that is usually added to a file name

2.     the language used to create the majority of text files on the Web

3.     the graphics interchange format created by CompuServe to compress images

4.     the small program (plug-in) that lets you hear audio recordings on the Net

5.  the most popular video formats

6.  the format created by the Moving Picture Experts' Group to capture, store and play back movies

7.      the extension for the files that can be decompressed with a program like Winzip.


Recognizing file formats

Web pages can contain different multimedia elements: text, graphics, sounds, video and animation. To identify the format or type of file, an extension (a three-letter suffix) is usually added to the file name when it's saved on disk.


The most common text extensions are .txt, .pdf, .doc and .htm (or .html). Most of the text files that you find on the Web have the extension .htm, created with the hypertext markup language.


Graphics on the Web can include pictures, photos, paintings, image-maps and buttons. The most common formats are .gif (a standard image format developed by CompuServe) and .jpg or .jpeg (created by the Joint Photographic Experts' Group).


The Internet is a great place to find and hear hit songs, movie soundtracks and recorded interviews. The most common formats are these:

·                    .wav: wave files can be played with Sound Recorder included with Windows

·                    .ra or .ram: RealAudio files can be heard with RealPlayer, a plug-in you can download from the Web.

·                    .mp3: compressed music files that can be played with an MP3 player.

Video and animation

You can see cartoons and movie clips on the Web, but you need the appropriate software. Video files are usually stored in: .avi, .mov and .mpg (or .mpeg) formats. To view MPEG videos you just need Video for Windows. However, to create high-quality movie clips you need a dedicated MPEG expansion card. You can also find animation and 3-D worlds. The two standard tools to manipulate animated worlds are VRML and Java. To view a virtual animation you need a program like QuickTime VR.

Compressed files

When you download files, they're probably compressed. Windows files have a .zip extension. Macintosh files usually have a .sit extension and are opened with Stufflt.


Exercise 5R.

Unscramble the letters to complete the definitions from an online dictionary:

1.       dheasenpho:___________ device which covers each ear and allows you to listen to audio without other people hearing

2.       pertyhtex: ___________ text with links to other text or other parts of a document or web page

3.       tacvitiyniter: __________ allowing two-way communication between a program and the user

4.       pormicnohe: ___________ equipment that allows you to record your voice

5.       batscew: ___________ a concert or other event broadcast over the Internet


Exercise 6R.

Complete the following blog entry by typing in terms from the box above into spaces 1–10. (You will not need to use all of the terms.) Then choose the correct verb forms:


animation     CD/DVD     interactive      sound      stereo   hypertext     information video     streaming     digital     virtual     headphones     microphone    interactivity


22nd February

So, what exactly is multimedia? If you (look/will look/looked) on, you’ll find the following definition: using a combination of moving and still pictures, sound, music and words, especially in computers or entertainment. This definition refers specifically to (1) _______ such as educational CD-ROMs or digital encyclopaedias. It could also be referring to the touch-screen (2) _______ that you sometimes see in banks and estate agents. This type of multimedia commonly uses (3) _______ – links that take you to other pages of the document or program. However, I think multimedia can mean anything from using a (4) _______ to burn MP3s, to listening to an online radio show using (5) _______ (that is, in real time).

As long as you (had/have/will have) a fast CPU, a good monitor and a (6) _______ (hardware that allows you to play digital audio through your computer), you’ll be able to use basic multimedia applications. If you (want/wanted/would want) to go a step further, you could invest in a (7) _______ to record yourself, or a digital video camera to make videos in (8) _______. If you wanted to make a whole movie, then you (‘ll/’d/’re) also need (9) _______ software such as Apple’s iMovie.

The future of multimedia looks very exciting. If current trends continue, then (10) _______ (becomes/became/will become) more and more popular – we could eventually be living most of our lives in these 3-D worlds, interacting with each other just as we do in real life. Just look at the success of Second Life ...

Posted by Jordi Pons (Barcelona)


Exercise 7R.

Complete the presentation describing the network by choosing words from the box:


central computer            made up          cables        consists of       log on      modem         file sharing        type in        satellite        wired        telephone lines         set up       look for         fibre optic cable         look at

Clare: If you (1) __________ the diagram, you can see that it represents a wide area network, or WAN, connecting two networks via (2) __________. The two networks are probably two offices of the same company.

Chris: The (3) __________network on the right – the one in Barcelona – is (4) __________ of a number of PCs connected by (5) __________. You’ll be able to see the (6) __________ there, which acts as a file server, allowing (7) __________ between the other PCs on the network. In order to access files on the server, you would probably need to (8) __________ a username and password.

Clare: That’s right, Chris. In contrast, the Los Angeles network (9) __________ a wireless router, which links all of the hardware devices without the need for cables. Workers using PDAs or laptops, like those shown in the diagram, would be able to (10) __________ to the network if they had wireless capabilities. Interestingly, while in Barcelona the (11) __________ is linked to the dish aerial with a(12) __________, in Los Angeles they’re using regular (13) __________. This may mean slower speeds for the Los Angeles office.

Chris: It looks like this network was (14) __________ to allow the two offices to (15) __________ and share information and resources on each other’s systems, and it’s a sensible network solution for a company with offices in several different locations.


(L) Listening (block I):


Task (Recording 7)     icon

Exercise 1L.

a)            A sales assistant is explaining the components of a multimedia system to a customer. Listen and complete this diagram:



Compare your answers with another student.

b)           Now listen again and answer these questions:

1.            What is multimedia?

2.            What is the advantage of computer multimedia presentations over TV and video?

3.           Which system software is designed by Apple for multimedia work?

a Windows with Multimedia control panels

b QuickTime


(SR) Supplementary reading (block I):


Exercise 1SR.

Do you know…


Systems Development

What is a systems development cycle?

Most IT projects work in cycles. First, the needs of the computer users must be analyzed.  This task is often performed by a professional Systems Analysts who will ask the users exactly what they would like the system to do, and then draw up plans on how this can be implemented on a real computer based system.

The programmer will take the specifications from the Systems Analyst and then convert the broad brushstrokes into actual computer programs.  Ideally at this point there should be testing and input from the users so that what is produced by the programmers is actually what they asked for.

Finally, there is the implementation process during which all users are introduced to the new systems, which often involves an element of training.

Once the users start using the new system, they will often suggest new improvements and the whole process is started all over again.

These are methodologies for defining a systems development cycle and often you will see four key stages, as listed below:

·        Feasibility Study

·        Design

·        Programming

·        Implementation


Exercise 2SR.

You are going to read a newsapaper article about shopping on the Internet. Choose the best heading from the list (A-G) for each part (1-5). There are two extra headings that you do not need to use:


Shopping on the Internet

1.  Shopping on the Internet, or shopping on-line is becoming more and more popular. More and more people are using the Internet to buy things. Why do people use the Internet to shop?

2.  Some people say it is more convenient. They don't have to leave their homes to order something, and they can shop for anything they want at any time, day or night. Other people say they can find things for sale that they can't find in the stores near their homes. Still other people say they can find better prices on the Internet.

3.  If you want to buy something on the Internet, you need a credit card. You have to type your credit card number and some other information on the website and send it to the store over the Internet. You have to be sure that the store will not use your information in the wrong way. You don't want someone to get your credit card number and charge something to your account. Of course, you always have to be careful with your credit card number, because people sometimes steal credit card numbers from stores and restaurants too.

4.  For people who are too nervous to shop on-line, the Internet is a good place to go window-shopping. Window-shopping is when you go to a store and look at the things for sale, but don't plan to buy anything. Window-shopping is easy on the Internet. You can see what kinds of products are available and how much they cost. You can visit stores with branches near you, or you can visit stores that are only on the Internet.

5.  Some stores have a website for information about their stores, but not for shopping. Some stores have a website for information about their stores, and you can shop on-line there too. Some stores are only for on-line shopping.

A    A certain time for shopping on the Internet

B    Growing popularity of the Internet

C    Getting credit cards from other people

D    Window-shopping as a way-out for people who are afraid to buy something

E     The reasons of using the Internet for shopping

F     Websites for stores

G    The necessity to have a credit card for buying something


(L) Listening (block II):


Task (Recording 8)      icon

Exercise 2L.

Revision of software

Look at the list of software products and number the items in the order in which you hear them described:

Graphics and design

    Multimedia application


    Database program

    Web editor

    Educational software

Musical software


(S) Speaking (block I):


Great Britain

The UK of Creat Britain and Nothern Ireland occupies the territory of the British Isles. It consists of 4 main countries which are England, Scotland, Wales and Nothern Ireland. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Nothern Ireland is the official name of the state which is sometimes referred to as Great Britain or Britain (after its major island), England (after its major historic part or the British Isles. The UK is an Island state. It is composed of some 5.500 islands, large and small. The two main islands are: Great Britain to the east and Ireland to the west. They are separated by the Irish Sea. The area of the UK is 244,100 square kms. It is situated off to the northwest coast of Europe between the Atlantic Ocean on the north and the North Sea on the east and is separated from the European continent by the English Channel (or La Manche) and the Straits of Dover (or Pas de Calais).

The highest mountain top is Ben Nevis in Scotland. The chief rivers of Great Britain are: the Severn, separating England and Wales, the Thames (the longest and the deepest one). The swiflest flowing river is the Spray. Also the Tweed is famous (the woolen fabric is made here). There are many lakes in Great Britain. The Lake District is the most beautiful. The largest cities are: London, Birmingham, Glasgow, Liverpool, Bristol, Leeds, Cardiff. The capitals are: London in England, Edinburgh in Scotland, Cardiff in Wales and Belfast in Northern Ireland. Every country has its own national emblem. The red rose is the national emblem of England, the thistle is the national emblem of Scotland, the daffodils and the leek are the emblems of Wales and the shamrock (a kind of clover) is the emblem of Ireland.

Due to the geographical position of the country, the weather in GB is very changeable. A fine morning can change into a wet afternoon and evening and the wrong side out. The English people say:"Other countries have a climate; in England we have weather." The English also say that they have three variants of weather: when it rains in the morning, when it rains in the afternoon or when it rains all day long. The weather is the favourite conversational topic in GB. After they greet each other they start talking the weather.

The population of the UK is over 55 mln people. The UK is inhabited by the English, the Scots, the Welsh and the Irish who constitute the British nation. English is not the only language. Scottish, Welsh and Irish are also used. The flag of the UK is known as the Union Jack. It has its history. It all began in 1603 when Scotland was joined to England and Wales. The flag is made up of 3 crosses. The upright cross is the Cross of St.Jeorge, the patron saint of England. The white diagonal cross is the cross of St.Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland. The red diagonal cross is the cross of St.Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland. All of them are on the blue background. The national currency is pound.

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a constitutional monarchy. But the power of Queen Elizabeth II is not absolute. It is limited by Parliament. In fact, the Prime Minister is the actual leader of the state. The legislative body, Parliament, consists of two chambers: the House of Lords and the House of Commons. The executive body consists of the central Government — that is the Prime Minister and the Cabinet of Ministers, who are responsible for initiating and directing the national policy.

The Government derives its authority from the elected House of Commons. General elections, for all seats in the House of Commons, must be held at least every five years. The Government is normally formed by the political party which is supported by the majority in the House of Commons. The leader of the party is appointed the Prime Minister by the Queen and chooses a team of ministers. The second largest party becomes the Official Opposition with its own leader and «Shadow Cabinet». The House of Lords is a hereditary chamber.

In Great Britain there is no written constitution, only customs and traditions which are very strong. Great Britain is known to be a motherland of football. Two oldest Universities: Oxford and Cambridge are situated here.

The UK is a highly developed industrial country. It produces and exports machinery, electronics, textile. One of the chief industries of the country is shipbuilding. Lots of people are involved in service industries including financial, business and government services, computer services and information systems. There are also a lot of science-based companies and research organizations.



London is the capital of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. London traces its history back nearly 2,000 years. London is one of the largest cities in the world, with about 7 million people. London has been a capital city for nearly a thousand years, and many of its ancient buildings still stand. The most famous of these are the Tower of London (where the Crown Jewels are kept), Westminster Abbey and St. Pals Cathedral, but most visitors also want to see the House of Parliament, Buckingham Palace and the many magnificent museums. Once, London was a small Roman town on the north bank of the Thames, but slowly it grew into one of the world's major cities with more than seven million people. Fewer people live in the centre now, but the suburbs are still growing.

Places now in the heart of London once stood in the middle of green fields. Many small villages, like Hampstead, Chelsea and Mayfair, became part of London, but they still keep some of their old atmosphere. Different areas of London seem like different cities. The West End is a rich man's world of shops, offices and theatres. The old port area is now called "Docklands". The great ships have gone, and the area is changing very fast. There are huge new office buildings, and thousands of new flats and houses. Other parts of London are changing, too. Some of the poor areas have become fashionable, and people with money are moving into them.

A hundred years ago, the river was crowded by ships, leaving for Java and Japan, New Zealand and New York, but now people travel by air, and London's main airport, Heathrow, is one of the busiest in the world.

Like all big cities, London has streets and concrete buildings, but it also has many big parks, full of trees, flowers and grass. Sit on the grass (you're allowed to!) in the middle of Hyde Park or Kensington Gardens, and you will think that you're in the country, miles away.

Many people live outside the centre of London in the suburbs, and they travel to work, in the shops and offices by train, bus or underground. The trains are full - and expensive - and the roads are crowded with cars, but every day a million people come from far out of London, even from the coast, and spend up to four hours travelling every day. Most people work from 9 am to 5 pm. From 8 till 10 every morning, and 4.30 to 6.30 every evening, the trains are crowded with people, and after the morning "rush hour" the shoppers come.

By the day the whole of London is busy. At night, the offices are quiet and empty, but the West End stays alive, because this is where Londoners come to enjoy themselves. There are two opera houses here, several concert halls and many theatres, as well as cinemas, and in nearby Soho the pubs, restaurants and nightclubs are busy half the night.

Many people think that London is all grey but in fact red is the London's favourite colour. The buses are red, the letterboxes are red and the mail vans are all bright, bright red. London is at its best when people are celebrating. Then the flags, the soldiers' uniforms the cheering crowds and the carriages and horses all sparkle in the sunshine - if it's not raining, of course!


Exercise 1S.

Answer the questions:

1.           What is the National anthem of the UK?

2.     Who is the head of the state?

3.           What is the longest river in the UK?

4.           What cities are famous for their universities?

5.           What are the capital cities of Great Britain?

6.           Who reigns but doesn't rule in Great Britain?


Exercise 2S.

Put questions to these answers:

1.  University of London, with 65,000 students is the largest nation's university.

2.               The British Open University offers instruction through radio and television and Internet.

3.               The famous annual Wimbledon Tennis Tournament takes place in June and July.

4.               London has 2,300 betting shops, where people place bets on various sports events.

5.           London has about 5,600 pubs.

6.           The West End is the home of famous private clubs.


Exercise 3S.

Do you know…

·                    What plant blooms long before it comes into leaf? (the blackthorn – also the cherry and the plum tree)

·                    What tree is the last to blossom? (The lime tree)

·                   When the Royal Observatory in Greenwich was organised? (in 1675)


Exercise 4S.

Give the Ukrainian equivalents to the following proverbs:

·          It never rains but it pours.

·          After rain comes fair weather.

·          Small rain lays great dust.

·          Everything is good in its season.

·          To tremble as an aspen leaf.

·           To put money by for a rainy day


(L) Listening (block III):


Task (Recording 9)    icon

Exercise 3L.

Listen to a telecommunications expert talk about the most recent developments in this sector and decide whether the statements are true or false:

Paul Carr is an expert in the IT sector..…………………………..…....(T/ F)

Until Skype arrived VOIP technology was difficult to use..……..……(T/ F)

Skype claim 85 million customers globally..……………………….….(T/ F)

Skype spend a lot of money on advertising..…………………….….…(T/ F)

Skype have no competitors..…………………………..…………....….(T/ F)

It is not possible to use Skype in the UK..………………….…….…....(T/ F)

Fibre optics will change Internet use..…………………….………...…(T/ F)


(S) Speaking (block II):


Exercise 5S.

Teacher: Where’s Great Britain situated?

Student: (pointing at the map): This is the map of Great Britain. It is situated on an island. As we know, an island is a piece of land surrounded by water. So, Great Britain is washed by the waters of the Atlantic Ocean on the west and the north and by the North Sea on the East.

T.: How is it separated from theContinent of Europe?

S.: By the English Channel. And by the way, the Straight of Dover is the narrowest part of the Channel. Here it is.

T.: How narrow is it?

S.: It is just 21 mile across.

T.: What part of the Island of Great Britain do England and Wales form?

S.: They form its southern part.

T.: That’ll do. You’ve done well. Thanks.


Exercise 6S.

Complete the dialogue with the relevant questions:

T.: __________________________________________________________?

S.: The capital of Great Britain is London.

T.: __________________________________________________________?

S.: I don’t know exactly, it seems to be about 55 mln people or even more.

T.: __________________________________________________________?

S.: On the river Thames.

T.: __________________________________________________________?

S.: No, the river Thames is the longest one.

T.: __________________________________________________________?

S.: Oh, no, it hasn’t. It has a gently sloping surface.

T.: __________________________________________________________?

S.: It’s divided into counties.

T.: __________________________________________________________?

S.: Oxford and Cambridge are.