YEAR OF STUDY II

SECTION I

Unit 1

Unit 2

Unit 3

SECTION II

Unit 4

Unit 5

Unit 6

Unit 7

Словник комп'ютерних термінів

Граматичні таблиці

Список літератури

 

 

Unit 4

 

(G) Grammar:                                 Gerunds, Infinitives, Participles

Past Activities

Used

(R) Reading:                                    The fastest growing occupation in the nearest future

(SR) Supplementary reading:          Jobs in computing

                                                         Computers in daily life

How to write an effective CV

(L) Listening                                    A job interview

(S) Speaking:                                   My future profession.

 

(G) Grammar (block I):

 

Types of Gerunds

Tense

Voice

Gerund (Ving)

Indefinite

Active

using

Passive

being used

Perfect

Active

having used

Passive

having been used

 

Functions of Gerunds

Function

Examples

Subject

Seeing |and| doing | are two different things — Бачити і робити — різні речі

Object

He likes |driving| a car — Він любить водити машину

Attribute

There are many ways |of doing| it — Існує багато способів здійснити це

Adverbial Modifier

He stood | without noticing | anyone —Він стояв, не помічаючи нікого

It’s no good to swim |after eating| — Погано плавати після їжі

Part of the Predicate

My greatest pleasure remains travelling — Моїм найбільшим задоволенням залишається подорожування

He went on reading — Він продовжував читати

 

Exercise 1G.

Choose the correct variant. Keep in mind that need, require, want and be worth are combined with Gerund in Active to express the passive meaning!

Example:             The shoes need/want/require repairing.

Взуття потрібно відремонтувати.

The play is worth seeing.

П’єсу варто подивитися.

1.       The clothes require (mending/ being mended).

2.       The room needs (being painted/painting).

3.       The batteries in the radio need (being changed/changing).

4.       It is a difficult problem. It needs (thinking/being thought) about very carefully.

5.       His name is not worth (mentioning/being mentioned).

6.       The magazine is worth (being subscribed/subscribing to).

7.       The event is worth (being commented/commenting on).

8.       Mr. Brook’s theories are worth (listening to/being listened to).

9.       I don’t think this newspaper is worth (reading/having been read).

10.  Olga got used to (driving/being driven) a car in London.

11.  James objected to Alice’s (being stayed/staying) at the Astor Hotel.

12.  The manager approved of the problem (being discussed/discussing) in detail.

13.  He denies (seeing/having seen) the document before.

14.  Jean often mentions (being known/knowing) Mr. Anderson.

15.  Mrs. Blank apologized for (being caused/having caused) so much trouble.

16.  Everybody congratulated Prof. Anderson on (having carried out/having been carried out) the experiment successfully.

 

Exercise 2G.

Read the passage below, then look at the table above. Find the gerunds and decide whether they function as the subject, the subject complement, the object of a verb, or the object of a preposition:

 

You cannot create a picture simply by specifying primitives. Instead, you must specify the primitives and their attributes, then transform them by specifying where and how you want them placed on the screen so they create your picture. Transformation means moving or otherwise manipulating the object by translating, rotating and scaling the object. Translation is moving an object along an axis to somewhere else in the viewing area. Rotation is turning the object around an axis. Scaling is making the object larger or smaller in any of the horizontal, vertical or depth directions (corresponding to the x, y and z axes). The term rendering describes the techniques used to make your object look real. Rendering includes hidden surface removal, shading, light sources and reflections.

 

Exercise 3G.

Complete the sentences by using an appropriate gerund from those in the box:

 

creating       adding       clicking         processing       printing       rendering

 

1.       Graphic artists like _____ colour and depth to their drawings and designs.

2.       A 32-bit painting program has a complete palette of tools for _____ images from scratch.

3.       The speed of a microprocessor is important in _____ information.

4.       Before _____ a document, the user should decide on the layout.

5.       You can open the colour palette by _____ on the corresponding pop-up icon.

6.       _____ refers to the techniques used to make realistic images.

 

Exercise 4G.

Translate the following sentences paying attention to Gerund:

1.            Reading technical literature in English is very important for an engineer.

2.            Printing is the final stage in creating a document.

3.            Ink-jet printers operate by projecting small ink droplets onto paper to produce images.

4.            It is not worth buying this monitor.

5.            I remember attending his lectures on programming.

6.            After graduating from the University he will be a system engineer.

7.            He began testing the program immediately.

8.            The organizers of the conference were informed of his having refused to take part in it.

9.            I remember his having been interested in computers in his childhood.

10.       It goes without saying that they are still expensive for students.

11.       Mechanical engineers use sophisticated programs for applications in computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing.

12.      Basically, computer graphics help users to understand complex information quickly by presenting it in a clear visual form.

13.      Debugging а program is а hard job.

14.      Оnе of the benefits of buying а system is that it has detailed documentation with it.

15.      Ву performing different kinds of operations on а computer, people solve а lot of different problems.

16.      Programming is the process of preparing, testing, correcting instructions for а computer.

17.      Logical operations consist in comparing, selecting, sorting, matching & determining.

18.      After performing calculations а computer displays some result.

19.      (His) Ivan's being а brilliant programmer is а well known fact.

20.      We saw the operator having made the machine operate.

 

Combinations with Gerunds

admit — визнавати

allow  — дозволяти

appreciate — цінувати

avoid — уникати

cant help — не стриматися, щоб не…

consider — вважати

delay — зволікати

deny — заперечувати

dislike — не любити

enjoy — одержувати задоволення

feel like — бути схильним до…

finish — закінчувати

forgive — прощати

give up — відмовлятися

go on — тривати, продовжувати

hate — ненавидіти

insist on — наполягати на

involve — залучати

keep — продовжувати

look forward to — чекати з нетерпінням

mind — заперечувати

miss — скучати, відчувати відсутність

object to — заперечувати проти

postpone — відкладати

practice — практикувати

recommend — радити

regret — жалкувати

remember — пам’ятати

report — повідомляти

risk — ризикувати

suggest — пропонувати

worry about — турбуватися про…

They objected to applying this method — Вони заперечували проти застосування цього методу.

What is worth doing is worth doing well — Те, що варто робити — варто робити добре.

be accustomed to — бути звичним до…

be afraid of — боятися

be against — бути проти

be good at — розбиратися в …

be used to — бути звичним до…

be difficult in — складний(а) в ….

be fond of — захоплюватися

in addition to — крім того,

be intrested in — зацікавлений (а) в…

be sorry for — шкодувати з приводу…

be tired of — втомлений (а) від…

be worth — бути вартим

it goes without saying — зрозуміло

 

Variants of Translation Gerund into Ukrainian

Function

Examples

Subject

Gerund construction

Jane’s coming surprised me.

That Jane was coming surprised me.

Те, що Джейн приїде, здивувало мене.

Parallel sentence

Object

Gerund construction

They objected to his applying this method to practice.

They objected that he should apply this method to practice

Вони заперечували проти того, щоб він застосовував цей метод на практиці.

Parallel sentence

Attribute

Gerund construction

Her hands showed no signs of their being used for hard work.

Her hands showed no signs that they were used for hard work.

Її руки не мали слідів важкої праці.

Parallel sentence

Adverbial Modifier

Gerund construction

Despite it being cold they would not stop their observations.

Despite (the fact that) it was cold they would not stop their observation.s

Незважаючи на те, що було холодно вони не бажали припиняти свої спостереження.

Parallel sentence

 

Go + Gerund

go biking

go boating

go canoeing

go climbing

go diving

go picnicking

go riding

go running

go sailing

go drinking

go hiking

go jogging

go swimming

go visiting

go walking

go dancing

go partying

go birdwatching

go bowling

go camping

go cycling

go fishing

go necking

go shopping

go singing

go skating

go skateboarding

go skiing

go surfing

go windsurfing

 

Exercise 5G.

Choose the correct variant, translate the sentences into Ukrainian:

1.       Richard is expecting (us/our) to go to class tomorrow.

2.       You shouldn’t rely on (him/his) calling you in the morning.

3.       They don’t approve of (us/our) leaving early.

4.       George asked (me/my) to call him last night.

5.       We understand (him/his) having to leave early.

6.       We are expecting (Henry/Henry’s) to call us.

7.       They are looking forward to (us/our) visiting them.

8.       Susan regrets (John/John’s) being in trouble.

9.       We understand (you/your) not being able to stay longer.

10.  We object to (their/them) signing the contract now.

 

Translation of Gerunds / Participles / Infinitives

Form

Translation

Examples

Infinitive

to V0

–ть, –ти (інфінітив)

–ння

(іменник)

Gerund

Ving

–ть, –ти (інфінітив)

They began reading

I enjoy reading

She left without saying a word — Вона пішла, не сказавши ні слова

–ння

(іменник)

– вши (дієприслівник)

Participle I

Ving

– учи

– ючи

– ачи

– ячи

(дієприслівник)

Walking along the street I met him — Йдучи по вулиці, я зустрів його

We saw a trembling dog — Ми побачили тремтячу собаку

– учий, – ючий (дієприкметник)

ачий, – ячий

Participle II

V3/Ved

– ний

– мий

– тий

(дієприкметник)

The corrected text is on the table — Виправлений текст лежить на столі

 

Exercise 6G.

Translate the sentences paying attention to the Infinitive Constructions:

1.            Guessing a password or cracking the program that controls the access to the system is considered to be breaking through a security measure and entering a computer system.

2.            Computer software engineers are projected to be one of the fastest growing occupations over 2004-2014 period.

3.            Prices for good CRT monitor are said to have dropped considerably by the end of the month.

4.            We know the optical mouse to be a far cry from the conventional ball-roller assembly of the first mechanical mice.

5.            I saw him using this device in the lab.

6.            We assume notebook sales to be starting to catch up with those of desktop computers.

7.            I thought him to be good at writing programs.

8.            Our engineers want the computer problems to be solved by computers.

9.            We asked the shop-assistant to show us the computer operate.

10.       We know Pascal to be the first inventor of the mechanical computer.

 

Exercise 7G.

Translate the following sentences into Ukrainian paying attention to ing- forms and state their functions:

1.                 Science requires experimenting.

2.                 These methods were tried without obtaining the necessary results.

3.                 The positive results were being obtained last year.

4.                 The monument of what century are they restoring?

5.                 This monument needs restoring.

6.                 Think before saying!

7.                 I don’t understand what he is talking about.

8.            Speaking foreign languages is very important for every educated person nowadays.

9.                 The idea of creating this lab belongs to our chief.

10.            How long has he been working on his report?

11.            When choosing a printer take into considerations all the specifications.

12.       I noticed a very nice monitor standing far from the one we were recommended.

13.       Measuring resistance is necessary in many experiments.

14.       Go on demonstrating your slides.

15.       In solving problems it is necessary to distinguish between fact and hypothesis.

16.       Avoid mixing these two substances.

17.       Heating copper wire from 0 to 100° increases its resistance about 40 %.

18.       It’s no use searching for another approach.

19.       Calcium and sodium are alike in being very soft.

20.       Upon being heated to a high temperature many metallic compounds are decomposed.

21.       Sulphur is hardened by being mixed with copper.

22.       His having given up the job disappointed us.

23.       The president’s refusing to take steps aroused everybody’s indignation.

24.       Your threatening them made us angry.

25.       The papers not commenting on the event was most surprising.

26.       The two countries exchanging delegations is most important for establishing friendly relations between them.

27.       His knowing English will help him in his work.

28.       Howard was surprised at his chief not having asked him anything.

29.       Helen was disappointed at Peter not having been invited.

30.       They insisted on our flying to Liverpool.

31.       There is no possibility of our seeing him this week.

 

Exercise 8G.

Translate the sentences into Ukrainian paying attention to ing-forms:

1.     He kept moving his start bar around the sides of the screen, shifting the windows and the icons around.

2.     There are two features for printing.

3.     I had a hard time reading this letter.

4.     The police are catching more and more crimes with every coming year.

5.     Before buying a game, you must consider “system requirements”.

6.     The police informed that a man had been found dead after playing computer games for 86 hours non-stop.

7.     The world of gaming on-line is ever changing.

8.     If you are going to take gaming seriously, you have to spend time doing it.

9.     Children begin using computers regularly for education and entertainment purposes by the time they are ten.

10.  Computers were once viewed as isolating people from people.

11.  Software engineers must possess strong programming skills, but are more concerned with developing algorithms and analyzing and solving programming problems than with actually writing code.

12.  The workers use different programming languages, depending on the purpose of the program.

13.  Hard disk space at this point, probably isn’t worth caring too much about.

14.  Laptops usually share memory between CPU and GPU, saving a lot of space and helping to reduce power consumption.

 

Usage of Verbals

Verbs + Gerunds

Verbs + Infinitives

Verbs + Nouns + Infinitives

Adjective + Preposition Combinations + Gerunds

Noun + Preposition Combinations + Gerunds

Be + Adjective Combinations + Infinitives

Nouns + Infinitives

admit

accuse of

advise [1]

allow [1]

anticipate

apologise (to sb/) for

appreciate

approve of

avoid

begin [4]

believe in

blame (sb.) for

can't bear [4]

can't help

can't see

can't stand [4]

cease [4]

complete

concentrate on

congratulate on

consider

continue [4]

defend

delay

deny

depend on

despise

discuss

dislike

don't mind

dread [3]

encourage [1]

enjoy

fancy

finish [3]

forget [3]

forgive for

go on [4]

hate [4]

imagine

insist on

involve

keep

like [3]

love [3]

mention

(not) mind

miss

need [3]

neglect [4]

object to

pay for

permit [1]

postpone

practice

prefer [4]

propose [4]

protect against/from

quit [3]

recall

recollect

recommend

regret [3]

rely on

remember [3]

report

require [1]

resent

resist

risk

specialize in

start [4]

stop [3]

succeed in

suffer from

suggest

suspect of

thank for

tolerate

try [3]

understand

used to

urge [1]

agree to

appear to

arrange to

ask [sb.] to

begin [3] to

can(‘t)

can't bear [4] to

can't stand [4] to

care to

cease [4] to

choose [sb.] to

claim to

complain (to sb.) about

continue [4] to

could(‘t)

decide to

demand to

deserve to

dread [3] to

expect [sb.] to

explain to

fail to

forget [3] to

get (be allowed) to

happen to

hate [4] to

have sb. do smth.

hesitate to

hope to

intend to

know to

learn to

like [4] to

love [4] to

may (not)

manage to

need [sb.,3] to

make sb. do smth.

might (not)

must(not)

neglect [4] to

offer to

ought to

plan to

prefer [4] to

prepare [sb.] to

pretend to

promise [sb.] to

propose [4] to

refuse to

regret [3] to

remember [3] to

seem to

should (not)

show to

start [3] to

swear to

tell to

tend to

threaten [sb.] to

try [3] to

vow to

wait to

want [sb.] to

warn sb. of/about

wish [sb.] to

would

would like [sb.]

would better

would rather

yearn to

advise [1]

allow [1]

cause

convince

enable

encourage [1]

force

get (cause to)

hire

invite

order

permit [1]

remind

require [1]

tell

urge [1]

warn

be accused of

accustomed to

be angry with sb. for

be angry about

be annoyed with sb. for

be annoyed about

be addicted to

be afraid of

be amazed at/by

be anxious about

be ashamed of

be astonished at/by

be aware of

be bad at

be bored of

be busy with

be (in)capable of

be committed to

be concerned about

be conscious of

be content with

be critical of

be dedicated to

be delighted with

be (in)dependent on

be devoted to

be disappointed with

be discouraged by

be engaged to

be engaged with

be envious of

be excited about

be famous for

be fond of

be frightened of

be furious about

be furious with sb. for

be guilty of

be good at

be happy about

be impressed with/by

be interested in

be involved in

be jealous of

be keen on

be known for

be nervous about

be opposed to

be pleased with

be proud of

be remembered for

be responsible for

be satisfied with

be scared of

be shocked at/by

be sorry about/for

be surprised at/by

be suspicious of

be terrified of

be tired of

be tolerant of

be upset about

be (get) used to

be worried about

be worth

addiction to

advantage of

anxiety about

belief in

credit for

dedication to

delay in

devotion to

disadvantage of

experience in

fear of

fondness for

habit of

interest in

knowledge of

love of

memory of

objection to

preference for

process of

reaction to

reason for

regret for

report on

reputation for

responsibility for

story about

talent for

be afraid

be amazed

be anxious

be ashamed

be astonished

be bound

be careful

be certain

be content

be delighted

be determined

be eager

be eligible

be fortunate

be glad

be happy

be hesitant

be liable

be likely

be lucky

be prepared

be pleased

be proud

be ready

be relieved

be reluctant

be sad

be shocked

be sorry

be surprised

be upset

be willing

advice

appeal

attempt

chance

decision

desire

dream

goal

motivation

need

opportunity

order

permission

plan

preparation

proposal

recommendation

refusal

reminder

request

requirement

suggestion

tendency

wish

way

 

1 = verb + a gerund OR a noun + an infinitive

3 = verb + a gerund OR an infinitive with a difference in meaning

4 = verb + a gerund OR an infinitive with little difference in meaning

 

Verbs Followed by Gerunds OR Infinitives (Different Meaning)

Verbs + Gerunds OR Infinitives (Similar Meaning)

Expressions + VERB+ing

begin

dread

forget

keep

like

love

need

regret

remember

start

stop

try

Verbs Followed by Ving OR Infinitives (Different Meaning)

can't bear

can't stand

cease

continue

hate

neglect

prefer

propose

as well as

be busy

be in favour of

feel like

have (some) problems

have a difficult time

have a good time

have a hard time

have a problem

have an easy time

have difficulty (in)

have fun

have no difficulty (in)

have no problem

how about

it’s no good (use)

spend one's time

there’s no chance of

there’s no point in

waste one's time

what’s the point of

what’s the use of

see

hear

smell

feel

notice

watch

observe

listen to

 

Exercise 9G.

Choose the correct form of the verbal.

Translate the sentences and state the function of the verbals:

1.     When applied/ applying mathematical methods to the solving technical problems engineers are often interested in order to obtain/ obtaining finite numerical results.

2.     The students get/ getting their practical train/ training when they are work/ working at various plants.

3.     I’d like to show/ showing you the work of this device.

4.     He enjoyed to work/ working with this group.

5.     You must avoid to use/ using an optical mouse on a reflective surface.

6.      I saw him to cross/ crossing the street.

 

Exercise 10G.

Translate the sentences into English using the expressions: to be good at, to be sorry for, to be worth, to go on, to give up, to be of great importance, it goes without saying:

 

1.     Зрозуміло, що після закінчення університету він працюватиме програмістом.

2.     Він оголосив, що відмовився від паління.

3.     Мене запитали, кому належить ідея створення космічних ракет.

4.     Їм повідомили, що не варто використовувати цей прилад для тестування.

5.     Він пішов, не завершивши своєї роботи.

6.     Будь-хто знає, що вивчення іноземних мов має велике значення для кожної освіченої людини.

7.     Вона спитала, чи потребують такі принтери реклами.

8.     Існує декілька шляхів вирішення такої проблеми.

9.     Продовжуй читати!

10.Він добре знається на розв’язанні подібних питань.

11.Він вибачився за запізнення.

12.Мене запитали, чи я працював до вступу до університету.

 

They objected to applying this method — Вони

 заперечували проти застосування цього методу.

What is worth doing is worth doing well — Те, що

 варто робити — варто робити добре.

It is useless to discuss the problem — Даремно

 обговорювати цю проблему.

We continued discussing the problem — Ми

 продовжували обговорювати проблему

 

Translation of the –ing Forms/Participles

Підмет

1

Infininive (to V0)

To know |her| is |to love| her — Знати їїзначить любити її

2

Gerund (Ving)

Seeing |and| doing | are two different things — Бачити і робитирізні речі

Додаток

1

Infininive (to V0)

It is pleasant |to swim| in the sea — Приємно плавати в морі

2

Gerund (Ving)

He likes |driving| a car — Він любить водити машину

Означення

1

Gerund (Ving)

There are many ways |of doing| it — Існує багато способів здійснити це

2

Infininive (to V0)

I have no desire |to go| there — У мене нема бажання іти туди

3

Participle І (Ving)

A person |bringing| good news is always welcome — Людині, яка приносить хороші вісті, завжди раді

4

Participle ІI (V3/Ved)

The rooms |reserved| for them are upstairs —

Кімнати, заброньовані для них, нагорі

Обставина

1

Gerund (Ving)

He stood | without noticing | anyone —Він стояв, не помічаючи нікого

It’s no good to swim |after eating| — Погано плавати після їжі

2

Infininive (to V0)

He stopped |to buy| some papers — Він зупинився, щоб купити газети

3

Participle І (Ving)

When writing | a telegram use few wordsКоли пишете телеграму, вживайте мало слів

4

Participle ІI (V3/Ved)

When painted | the house looked nice — Коли будинок пофарбували, він став виглядати приємно

Частина присудка

1

Infininive (to V0)

He can* writeВін може писати

He began to writeВін почав писати

His desire is to writeЙого бажанняписати

2

Participle І (Ving)

He is writingВін пише

He sat writing — Він сидів і писав

3

Participle ІI (V3/Ved)

He has writtenВін написав

The letter was written — Лист був написаний

He looked tired — Він мав стомлений вигляд

He had his shoes mended — Йому полагодили туфлі

4

Gerund (Ving)

My greatest pleasure remains readingМоїм найбільшим задоволенням залишається читання

He went on readingВін продовжував читати

*дієслова: must, need (not), can, may, might, ought to, should, would, used to, dare

**усі форми Continuous Tense

***усі форми Perfect Tense

****усі форми Passive Voice

 

Exercise 11G.

Translate the following sentences into English:

1.     Складання програми вимагає великої уваги програміста.

2.     Провівши багато дослідів, вчені змогли запустити цю систему.

3.     Пам'ять використовується для збереження різноманітної інформації.

4.     Він добре ремонтує комп’ютери.

5.     Дякую за запрошення на конференцію.

6.     Блок вводу складається з пристроїв, які використовують різні значення.

7.     Логічні операції, які виконуються комп’ютером – це порівняння, вибірка, узгодження та визначення.

8.     Обговорюючи переваги даного пристрою, професор надав студентам усі необхідні пояснення.

9.     Які переваги використання мов програмування?

10.           Хто цей чоловік, який сидить в комісії?

11.           Він міг читати технічну літературу, не користуючись словником.

12.           Використовуючи Інтернет, він підготував цікаву доповідь про історію комп’ютерів.

13.           Які компанії, що виготовляють процесори, ви знаєте?

14.           Після закінчення університету він працює програмістом.

15.           Коли подорожуєш, варто взяти портативний комп’ютер.

16.           Оптична миша не потребує чищення, оскільки вона не містить рухомих деталей.

17.           Вона добре перекладає тексти, користуючись електронним словником.

18.           Закінчивши університет, він вирішив продовжити своє навчання в аспірантурі. (take a post-graduate course)

 

Money spent on brain isn’t spent in vain.

 Гроші, витрачені на розум, витрачені

 недаремно

having Ving ® –вши

Having got what he wanted, he went away.

Отримавши те, що він бажав, він пішов.

 

 + дієслово

She came over from Canada to live here.

Вона приїхала з Канади, для того

щоб жити тут.

There is a lot of work to do first.Є багато роботи, яку треба зробити

 перш за все.

 

(R) Reading

 

The fastest growing occupation in the nearest future

The great impact of computers and information technology on our everyday life has generated a need to design and develop new computer software systems and to incorporate new technologies into a rapidly growing range of applications.

Computer software engineers are projected to be one of the fastest growing occupations in the next 10 years.

In programming or coding, software engineers instruct a computer, step by step, how to perform a function. They also solve technical problems that arise, but they are more concerned with developing algorithms and analyzing and solving programming problems than with actually writing code. They use different programming languages, depending on the purpose of the program.

Employment of computer software engineers is expectable to increase much faster than average for all occupations. Demand for computer software engineers will increase as computer networking continues to grow. For example, the expanding integration of Internet technologies and the explosive growth in electronics have resulted in rising demand for the specialists who can develop Internet, Intranet and World Wide Web applications.

Most employers prefer to hire persons having at least a bachelor’s degree and broad knowledge of computer systems and technologies. Very good opportunities are expected for college graduates with practical work experience.

Persons interested in jobs as computer software engineers must have strong problem-solving abilities and analytical skills. They also must be able to communicate effectively with team members and the customers they meet. A core team may comprise engineering, marketing, manufacturing and designing people, who should work together until the product is released.

New growth areas will continue to arise from rapidly evolving technologies. Also, information security concerns have given rise to new software needs. So, the expansion of this technology in the next 10 years will lead to an increased need for computer engineers to design and develop the software and systems to run these new applications and integrate them into older systems.

 

Exercise1R.

Read the text, translate it and choose the proper variant:

1.       High-level programming languages BASIC, Pascal, ADA, C, and C++ are considered to be the programming languages to learn/ to be learnt.

2.       BASIC was developed/ developing in 1965 and is one of the earliest programming/ programmed languages. BASIC was originally created as an interactive programming language for time sharing/ shared on large mainframes. It is widely used on all sizes of computers and has become extremely popular on microcomputers/ minicomputers.

3.       PASCAL is a general/ special purpose high-level programming language. It is named after the famous French/ English mathematician Blaze Pascal, who in 1642 designed and built the first mechanical calculator/ computer. Pascal was proposed and defined in 1971, and gained/ has gained popularity in universities and colleges of Europe and the USA.

4.       ADA is a PASCAL based/ basing language, but much more comprehensive than PASCAL, being designed for both commercial and scientific problems. It was named after Augusta Ada Byron, daughter of the famous English/ American/ Scottish poet, Lord Byron.

5.       C is a compiler/ compiling language. Some operating/ operated systems are written in C.

 

(SR) Supplementary reading (block I)

 

Exercise 1SR.

a)  Look carefully at the job advertisements and discuss with another student what personal qualities and professional abilities you would need for each job. Tick (http://www.learnenglish.org.uk/profsLessons/images/tickWhiteCropped.gif) the most important qualities in the list. Then add some more of your own:

SENIOR PROGRAMMER

required by DIGITUM, a leading supplier of business systems to the insurance industry.

You will be able to work on the full range of development activities — analysis, design, coding, testing and implementation. At least two years' experience of COBOL is necessary.

As we are active in Europe, fluency in French, Italian or another European language is desirable.

Don't miss this opportunity to learn new skills and develop your career.

Send your curriculum vitae to

CHRIS SCOTT, PERSONNEL MANAGER,

DIGITUM, 7S PARKHILL STREET, LONDON SW2 3DE

You can visit our Web site at: http://www.digitum.com

DTP Operator

required for a leading financial magazine. We are looking for a bright, competent QuarkXPress operator with at least three years' experience in design and layout. Skills in Photoshop, Freehand or Illustrator an advantage. Ability to work in a team and to tight deadlines is vital.

Please apply in writing, with CV and samples of your work, to Tom Parker, Production Manager, Financial Monthly, Stockton Street, London EC1 4WW

 

logical reasoning

imagination

physical fitness

efficiency

self-discipline

willingness to take on responsibility

ability to lead a team

patience and tenacity

ability to draw well

being good with figures

b)  Would you like to apply for one of these jobs? Why?

 

Exercise 2SR.

Study the personal profile of Charles Graham. Which is the most suitable job for him?

 

Charles Graham

·     28 years old. Married.

·     Education: 3 A-levels. In-depth knowledge of Apple Macintosh equipment.

·     Course in graphic design and page-layout applications from Highland Art School.

·     Proficient in Adobe PageMaker.

·     Diploma in word processing. Wide experience in MS Word.

·     Present job: Computer operator for PromoPrint, a company specializing in publishing catalogues and promotional material.

 

(L) Listening

 

Task (Recording 5)    icon

Exercise 1L.

a)            Listen to part of Chris Scott's interview with Sarah Brown and complete his notes:

Name: Sarah Brown

Address: 19 Sandford Street, London HW7 4HH

Home phone no: 0181 569 1260

Job applied for: Senior Programmer

Qualifications:

· University: _____________________________________

·   Foreign languages: Basic knowledge of Italian and Spanish

Work experience:

·   At NCR _______________________________________

·   What was software used for? __________________________________

·   What computers were used? __________________________________

·   Knowledge of databases? _____________________________________

· Present job: Works for Intelligent Software; writes programs in COBOL

Reasons for applying: ________________________________________

b)           Listen again and check your answers. Then compare your answers with a partner.

 

Task (Recording 6)    icon

Exercise 2L.

а)    Listen to the conversation about the job interview and guess the meaning of the following expressions:the worst experience in my life

·        for some reason

·        put on the résumé

·        a total lie

·        look well-rounded

·        test me on it

·        I felt so nauseous.

 

б)      Listen again and check your notes consulting the dictionary.

 

(SR) Supplementary reading (block II)

 

Exercise 3SR.

How to write an effective CV

Jon Larsson is thinking of a career move. He has read the job ads in the classified section of his newspaper and has started updating his CV in preparation for the application process.

 

Exercise 4SR.

Read Jon’s biography from his personal webpage and answer the questions that follow:

Jon’s Homepage

 

Hi, I’m Jon Larsson. Welcome to my personal webpage.

I’m a 42 year-old Marketing Manager for a major multinational software company. I’m originally from Sweden, but have spent most of my life in the UK, so I’m bilingual (I also speak fluent Italian and French). I am currently living in Edinburgh, the beautiful capital of Scotland. However, I feel I need a new challenge in my life, both personally and professionally, so I have decided on a change of direction. I am interested in a fresh start abroad and in a new area of business – I’ve been working with computers for too long!

I have a great deal of experience in marketing having worked in this area for over 10 years. I planned and implemented projects which increased SoftFocus’s market share by 10%. I also restructured the Sales and Marketing Dept at Starsign and improved sales figures by 20%. I have a Diploma in Marketing from Glasgow University (1987) and an MBA completed online with Aston University (1998 -2000). I graduated from Aberdeen University in 1983 after successfully completing a 4-year BA in Economics and International Relations.

So, I have the experience, the qualifications, but not the job satisfaction. I feel it’s time I put my skills and knowledge to better use – for myself and for others. I’ve been very lucky in my career and I am financially secure, so a big salary in my next job is not the most important factor for me. The opportunity to travel and to experience something new and exciting is more attractive. I am not in a hurry to start a new job, I’d rather take my time to make the right decision.

It’s time to update my CV and scan the job ads in the newspapers and on the internet!

 

Jon is happy with his current job.…………………………………..…...….(T/ F)

He has worked in computers for over 10 years..…………………….……...(T/ F)

He made a significant difference to the profits of SoftFocus and Starsign...(T/ F)

Jon is changing jobs for financial security...……………………….……….(T/ F)

He wants to start a new job as soon as possible...…………………….…….(T/ F)

 

Exercise 5SR.

Read this article from a business magazine about how to write an effective CV, and then read Jon’s CV.

 

How to write an effective CV

Get yourself noticed. Get ahead of the competition. Get that job!

We asked 3 Human Resources managers with top organisations what they look for in a good CV. What gets you noticed an